In this episode you will learn the colours in Japanese and the different verbs used when wearing clothes.
Colours are used to modify noun phrases. This is just fancy wording that gramerians use that means: adjectives are used to give you more information about nouns. For example, a red car or a yellow t-shirt. The use of colours in Japanese speech is straight forward, however, it takes a little bit of practice and memorisation. You don't need to worry about that because after our online practise you will be able to remember the colours.
We will also cover regularly occurring nouns in the tutorial to help you memorise and use them. We will stick mainly with nouns relating to articles of clothing.
Below is a table that contains some of the main colours that are used in daily speech.
Table: Colours in Japanese
Below is a handy reference of clothing items in Japanese. The list includes Kanji, Hiragana and Romaji. We will practice these in our tutorial to help you memorise them.
Table: Clothing Items in Japanese
In English you can pretty much use the verb 'to wear ' generally for any type of clothes worn on any part of the body such as shirts, trousers shoes, hats or sunglasses. However, in Japanese there are a variety of verbs that are used that mean 'to wear' depending on the type of clothing or the accessory you are referring to. These verbs are:
The sentence structure for this is: Object + を(wo) + Verb.
To indicate the object you are wearing 'を' (wo) is used as this particle denotes the direct object in a sentence. The direct object upon which the action of the verb is directed must be the noun and this appears right before 'を'. Don't worry to much as you'll get this in our tutorial practice.
To wear a T-shirt
To indicate the colour of an item of clothing (the adjective) is simply put in front of the topic. Examples:
|To wear a T-shirt|
|To wear a T-shirt|
Let’s look at examples.
To wear socks.
The next verb on our list today is “かぶる”. “かぶる” literally means “to cover (something)”. So when not used in connection with clothing or accessories, “かぶる” can also be used like this:
A yard covered in snow.
Hence, the verb “かぶる” is used for items that you use to cover your head with, for example hats, caps, or wigs.
To wear a hat.
For wigs, there are two different words in Japanese: “カツラ” and “ウィッグ”. “カツラ” is the type of wig that is used by actors or for dolls, and wigs that aren’t for the purpose of being fashionable. “ウィッグ” on the other hand refers to fashionable and trendy wigs.
To wear a wig.
To wear a wig.
For glasses, sunglasses, and shades you use the verb “かける”. The literal meaning of “かける” is “to hang”, so this refers to items like glasses that you hang onto your ears and nose bridge.
To wear glasses.
To wear sunglasses/shades.
To make things simple, you can use the verb “する” for small accessories like watches, necklaces, ties, gloves, and rings. Technically, each type of item has its own verb that goes with it, but using “する” is no problem in conversation.
To wear a watch.
To wear a necklace.
To wear a tie.
To wear gloves.
To wear a ring.
For perfumes and colognes, you can use the verb “つける”, which can be translated to “to apply”, or “to attach”, or “to stick (something to something)”.
The Kanji for “つける” looks like this:
The left radical of the Kanji “付” shows a person (人), and the right side a simplified hand (手). This symbolizes the act of sticking one thing onto something else.
To wear perfume/cologne.
Do you like people who wear cologne?
I put on too much perfume today!
[To take off]
Now that we’ve learned various ways to express “to wear” in Japanese, let’s briefly go over how to say “to take off”, or “to undress”. There are only two verbs, so it’s easier to remember than the other way around!
For all clothing worn on the upper and lower body, including shoes, socks, hats, and wigs, you can use the verb “脱ぬぐ”.
To take off a jacket.
To take off your shoes.
For accessories such as glasses, watches, gloves, and so on you can use the verb “はずす”.
To take off your glasses.
To take off your tie.
To take off your scarf.
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